Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity

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2020 Undergraduate Tuition
$11,442
0% growth from 2019
2020 Average Net Price
$18,037
After Financial Aid
2020 Acceptance Rate
44.9%
4,034,011 Applicants
2020 Enrolled Students
3,551,469
81.9% Full-Time
2020 Graduation Rate
78.5%
343,187 Graduates

About

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is a Carnegie Classification grouping of higher education institutions. In 2016, the most popular Bachelor's Degree concentrations at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity were General Psychology (28,326 degrees awarded), General Biological Sciences (26,051 degrees), and General Political Science & Government (18,213 degrees).

In 2020, 1,054,322 degrees were awarded across all undergraduate and graduate programs at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity. 53.9% of these degrees were awarded to women, and 46.1% awarded men. The most common race/ethnicity group of degree recipients was white (525,615 degrees), 4.16 times more than then the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (126240 degrees).

The median undergraduate tuition at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is $11,442, which is $1,421 more than than the national median of $10,021. The cost of out-of-state tuition is $34,564, which is 302% of the cost for in-state students, and is $20,029 more than than the national median $14,535.

Costs

The median in-state tuition for Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is $11,442, which is $1,242 more than than the national median in-state tuition of $10,200. The cost of out-of-state tuition is $34,564, which is 302% of the cost for in-state students, and is $20,029 more than than the national median out-of-state tuition of $14,535.

After taking grants and loans into account, the average net price for students is $18,037.

Student Expenses

Tuition Costs

$11,442
2020 Undergraduate Tuition

In 2020, the cost of out-of-state tuition at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was $34,564, which is 302% of the cost for in-state students, which was $11,442. The cost of out-of-state tuition at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is $20,029 more than than the overall (public and private) national median of $14,535, and the in-state tuition is $1,242 more than than the overall (public and private) national median $10,200.

This chart compares the tuition costs of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) with those of other similar universities.

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Average Net Price

$18,037
2020 Value
1.3%
1 Year Growth

In 2020 Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity had an average net price — the price paid after factoring in grants and loans — of $18,037. Between 2019 and 2020, the average net price of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity grew by 1.3%.

This chart compares the average net price of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) with that of other similar universities.

Average net price is calculated from full-time beginning undergraduate students who were awarded a grant or scholarship from federal, state or local governments, or the institution.

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Other Student Expenses

$12,306
Room and Board
$1,158
Books and Supplies

The average yearly cost of room and board at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was of $12,306 in 2020. During the same period, the average yearly cost of books and supplies was $1,158. The cost of room and board increased by 4.42% between 2019 and 2020. The cost of books and supplies decreased by 0.172% during the same period.

This chart compares the average student costs at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) with that of similar universities.

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Financial Aid

Financial Aid by Income Level

64%
Undergraduates Receiving Financial Aid through Grants
33.5%
Undergraduates Receiving Financial Aid through Loans

64% of undergraduate students at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity received financial aid through grants or loans in 2020. This represents a growth of 4.92% with respect to 2019, when 61% of undergraduate students received financial aid.

This chart compares the average award discount at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) with that of other similar universities.

The average award discount is the ratio between the average grant or scholarship value, and the cost, which is the sum of out-of-state tuition, room, board, book, supplies, and other expenses.

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Admissions

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity received 4,034,011 undergraduate applications in 2020, which represents a 1.32% annual decline. Out of those 4,034,011 applicants, 1,811,800 students were accepted for enrollment, representing a 44.9% acceptance rate.

There were 3,551,469 students enrolled at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in 2020, and 61.2% of first-time enrollees submitted SAT scores with their applications.

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity has an overall enrollment yield of 26.6%, which represents the number of admitted students who ended up enrolling.

Acceptance Rate

44.9%
Acceptance Rate in 2020
1,811,800
Accepted Out of 4,034,011

In 2020, the undergraduate acceptance rate of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was 44.9% (1,811,800 admissions from 4,034,011 applications). This is higher than the acceptance rate of 2019, which was 41.7%. Between 2019 and 2020, the number of applicants declined by −1.32%, while admissions grew by 6.2%.

This chart compares the acceptance rate of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) with that of other similar universities.

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SAT Scores

61.2%
Submission Percentage
287,263
Scores Submitted

61.2% of enrolled first-time students at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in 2020 submitted SAT scores with their applications.

This chart shows the SAT scores for the 25th and 75th percentile of applicants broken out into each section of the test that their are evaluated on.

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Enrollment

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity has a total enrollment of 3,551,469 students. The full-time enrollment at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is 2,909,454 students and the part-time enrollment is 642,015. This means that 81.9% of students enrolled at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are enrolled full-time.

The enrolled student population at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity, both undergraduate and graduate, is 48.8% White, 14% Hispanic or Latino, 11.9% Asian, 6.76% Black or African American, 4.21% Two or More Races, 0.293% American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.12% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders.

Students enrolled at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in full-time Undergraduate programs are most commonly White Female (26%), followed by White Male (24.1%) and Hispanic or Latino Female (8.77%). Students enrolled in full-time Graduate programs are most commonly White Female (24.2%), followed by White Male (19.6%) and Asian Female (5.18%).

Full-Time vs Part-Time Enrollment

81.9%
Full-Time Enrollment

The total enrollment at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity, both undergraduate and graduate, is 3,551,469 students. The full-time enrollment at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is 2,909,454 and the part-time enrollment is 642,015. This means that 81.9% of students enrolled at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are enrolled full-time compared with 76.4% at similar Doctoral Universities.

This chart shows the full-time vs part-time enrollment status at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) compares to similar universities.

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Retention Rate over Time

91%
2020 Retention Rate

Retention rate measures the number of first-time students who began their studies the previous fall and returned to school the following fall. The retention rate for full-time undergraduates at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was 91%. Compared with the full-time retention rate at similar Doctoral Universities (84.5%), Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity had a retention rate higher than its peers.

This chart shows the retention rate over time at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (highlighted in red) compares to similar universities.

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Enrollment by Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    1,731,788
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    495,830
  3. Asian
    421,213

The enrolled student population at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is 48.8% White, 14% Hispanic or Latino, 11.9% Asian, 6.76% Black or African American, 4.21% Two or More Races, 0.293% American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.12% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders. This includes both full-time and part-time students as well as graduate and undergraduates. By comparison, enrollment for all Doctoral Universities is 49.8% White, 15.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.74% Black or African American.

Any student who is studying in the United States on a temporary basis is categorized as a "Non-Resident Alien", and the share of those students are shown in the chart below. Additionally, 96,184 students (2.71%) did not report their race.

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Graduates

In 2020, 83212 more women than men received degrees from Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity. The most common race/ethnicity group of degree recipients at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is white (525,615 degrees awarded). There were 4.16 times more white graduates than the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (126240 degrees).

The most common Bachelor's Degree concentration at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is General Psychology (28,326 degrees awarded), followed by General Biological Sciences (26,051 degrees) and General Political Science & Government (18,213 degrees).

The most specialized majors across all degree types at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity, meaning they have significantly more degrees awarded in that concentration than the national average across all institutions, are Architecture and Related Services (10,110 degrees awarded), Cultural & Gender Studies (9,012 degrees), and Engineering (108,618 degrees).

Workforce

Common Jobs by Major

Most Common Job

The most common jobs for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Software developers (429,566 people), Other managers (388,070 people), Miscellaneous engineers, including nuclear engineers (339,292 people), Civil engineers (256,416 people), and Postsecondary teachers (206,404 people).

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Architecture and Related Services (10,110 degrees awarded), Cultural & Gender Studies (9,012 degrees), Engineering (108,618 degrees), Math & Statistics (26,172 degrees), and Physical Sciences (22,474 degrees).

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Highest Paying Jobs by Major

Highest Paying Job

The highest paying jobs for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Surgeons, Securities, commodities, & financial services sales agents, Physicians, Derrick, rotary drill, & service unit operators, & roustabouts, oil, gas, & mining, and Dentists

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Architecture and Related Services (10,110 degrees awarded), Cultural & Gender Studies (9,012 degrees), Engineering (108,618 degrees), Math & Statistics (26,172 degrees), and Physical Sciences (22,474 degrees).

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Common Industries by Major

The most common industries for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Architectural, engineering & related services (564,020 people), Computer Systems Design (492,958 people), Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (363,503 people), Construction (300,895 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (229,336 people).

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Architecture and Related Services (10,110 degrees awarded), Cultural & Gender Studies (9,012 degrees), Engineering (108,618 degrees), Math & Statistics (26,172 degrees), and Physical Sciences (22,474 degrees).

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Degrees

Majors Awarded

IPEDS uses the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) standard, so the categories may not match the exact concentrations offered by Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity.
Most Common
  1. 28326 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 26051 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 18213 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common bachelors degree concentration at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was General Psychology with 28326 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of degree-majors recipients from bachelors degree programs at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity according to their major.

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Sex Breakdown for Common Majors

485,555
Degrees Awarded to Men
in 2020
568,767
Degrees Awarded to Women
in 2020

In 2020, 485,555 degrees were awarded to men at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity, which is 0.854 times less than the number of degrees awarded to females (568,767).

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity by degrees awarded.

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Most Common Male Majors

In 2020, 26212 degrees were awarded to men at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in General Business Administration & Management, which is 1.49 times more than the 17625 female recipients with that same degree.

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Most Common Female Majors

In 2020, 23501 degrees were awarded to women at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in General Psychology, which is 3.44 times more than the 6837 male recipients with that same degree.

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Time to Complete

61%
100% Completion Time
82%
150% Completion Time

In 2020, 61% of students graduating from Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity completed their program within 100% "normal time" (i.e. 4 years for a 4-year degree). Comparatively, 82% completed their degrees within 150% of the normal time, and 83% within 200%.

The following chart shows these completion rates over time compared to the average for the Doctoral Universities Carnegie Classification group.

Graduation rate is defined as the percentage of full-time, first-time students who received a degree or award within a specific percentage of "normal time" to completion for their program.

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Diversity

Graduation Rate by Race and Sex

Showing demographic groups with ≥ 5 graduating students.
Asian Female
Highest Graduation Rate (88.4%)

The student demographic with the highest graduation rate at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is Female and Asian (88.4% graduation rate). Across all Doctoral Universities, Asian Female students have the highest graduation rate (72.4%).

The department of education defines graduation rate as the percentage of full-time, first-time students who received a degree or award within 150% of "normal time" to completion.

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) categorizes any student who is studying in the United States on a temporary basis as a "Non-Resident Alien", and the graduation rate of those students is shown in the chart below. Additionally, 1.68% of graduates (5769 students) did not report their race.

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Race & Ethnicity by Share

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    525,615 degrees awarded
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    126,240 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    113,816 degrees awarded

The most common race/ethnicity at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is white (525,615 degrees awarded). There were 4.16 times more white recipients than the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (126240 degrees).

2.67% of degree recipients (28,101 students) did not report their race.

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Race & Ethnicity by Sex

Most Common Sex Demographic
  1. White Female
    284,090 degrees awarded
  2. White Male
    241,525 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino Female
    74,360 degrees awarded

The most common race/ethnicity and sex grouping at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is white female (284,090 degrees awarded). There were 1.18 times more white female recipients than the next closest race/ethnicity group, white male (241,525 degrees).

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Operations

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity has an endowment valued at nearly $1.33B, as of the end of the 2020 fiscal year. The return on its endowment was of $22.9B (1.72k%), compared to the 3.48% average return ($10.5M on $302M) across all Doctoral Universities.

In 2020, Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity had a total salary expenditure of $1.74B. Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity employs 58,550 Professors, 40,234 Associate professors, and 36,662 Assistant professors. Most academics at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Male Professors (41,605), Male Associate professors(22,509), and Male Assistant professors (18,513).

The most common positions for non-instructional staff at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are: Computer, Engineering, and Science, with 89599 employees, Business and Financial Operations, with 85448 employees, and Office and Administrative Support with 84041 employees.

Finances

Endowment

$1.33B
2020 Endowment
1.25%
decline from 2019

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity has an endowment valued at about $1.33B, as of the end of the 2020 fiscal year. The endowment of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity declined 1.25% from the previous year. The value of their endowment was $1.03B higher than than the median endowment of Doctoral Universities according to the Carnegie Classification grouping.

This line chart shows how the endowment at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) compares to that of some similar universities.

The small bar chart below shows the endowment quintiles for all universities in the Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity Carnegie Classification grouping.

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Government Grants and Contracts

Grants & Contracts
  1. $37.4B - Federal
  2. $3.33B - State
  3. $749M - Local

As of 2020, Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity received $37.4B in grants and contracts from the federal government, $3.33B from state grants and contracts, and $749M from local grants and contracts.

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Expenses

Salary Expenditure

$774M
2020 Salaries
4.07%
growth from 2019

In 2020, Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity paid a median of $774M in salaries, which represents 44.3% of their overall expenditure ($1.74B) and a 4.07% growth from the previous year. This is compared to a 6.54% growth from 2018 and a 7.54% growth from 2017.

The median for similar Doctoral Universities is 238M (43% of overall expenditures).

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Instructional Salaries

$20.8B
Instructional Salaries
167,446
Number of Employees

In 2020, Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity paid a total of $20.8B to 167,446 employees working as instructors, which represents 15.9% of all salaries paid.

This is compared to a median of $69.9M (29.4%) for similar Doctoral Universities.

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Faculty and Staff

Occupations by Share

Professor
Most Common Instructor
58550 Employees
Computer, Engineering, and Science
Most Common Non-Instructional Employee
89599 Employees

In 2020, the most common positions for instructional staff at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity were Professor with 58,550 employees; Associate professor with 40,234 employees; and Associate professor with 36,662 employees.

In 2020, the most common positions for non-instructional staff at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity were Computer, Engineering, and Science with 89,599 employees; Business and Financial Operations with 85,448 employees; and Office and Administrative Support with 84,041 employees.

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Instructors by Academic Rank and Sex

Most Common Demographic
  1. Male Professor
  2. Male Associate professor
  3. Male Assistant professor

In 2020, the most common demographic for instructional staff at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was Male Professor with 41,605 employees, Male Associate professor with 22,509 employees, and Male Assistant professor with 18,513 employees.

This chart shows the sex split between each academic rank present at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity.

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